This was what section 8 of the Reserve Bank Act, and associated provisions, replaced. It is easy to forget – and for many younger readers, never to have been aware – just how different things were. Of course, we had a singe decision-maker back then too, although as Minister of Finance and an elected MP, the single decision-maker could be (and often was) tossed out of office.
(1) The primary functions of the Bank
(a) To act as the central bank for New Zealand; and
(b) To ensure that the availability and conditions of credit provided
by financial institutions are not inconsistent with the sovereign right of the Crown to control money and credit in the
public interest; and
(c) To advise the Government on matters relating to monetary policy, banking, credit, and overseas exchange; and
(d) Within the limits of its powers, to give effect to the monetary policy of the Government as communicated in writing to the Bank under subsection (2) of this section, and to any resolution of Parliament in relation to that monetary policy.
(2) For the purposes of this Act, the Minister may from time to time
communicate to the Bank the monetary policy of the Government, which shall be directed to the maintenance and promotion of economic and social welfare in New Zealand, having regard to the desirability of promoting the highest level of production and trade and full employment, and of maintaining a stable internal price level.
(3) The Bank shall, as directed by the Minister, regulate and control on behalf of the Government—
(a) Money, banking, banking transactions, any class of transactions of financial institutions, credit, currency, and the borrowing and lending of money:
(b) Rates of interest in respect of such classes of transactions as may from time to time be prescribed:
(c) Overseas exchange, and overseas exchange transactions.
(4) The Bank shall make such loans to the Government and on such conditions as the Minister decides from time to time, in order to ensure the continuing full employment of labour and other resources of any kind.
For those interested in the history, and how the functions/objectives/powers provisions changed (as they repeatedly did – this was the 1973 formulation) there is an interesting Bulletin article here by Christie Smith and James Graham. In case anyone thinks my post this morning was a recantation of a commitment to monetary stability (which it certainly wasn’t) I remain proud of the fact that my grandfather’s cousin was the Minister of Finance who introduced the concept of a stable internal price level to the Reserve Bank Act, and removed the formal power for the Minister of Finance to direct the Bank. Those changes didn’t last long.